The two trout look passably similar, save for the fact that aurora trout lack any spots on their body, or vermiculation (the wormy lines on the back of most char species). Apache Trout. Trout and char have a few defining features that separate them from other common freshwater fish. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Gila Trout. Gila and Apache Trout Click on Layers icon to change basemap, turn off trout layers, or add wildfire data. Their backs tend to be darker with black and brown spots and lighter orange and even red spots on their sides. Listed Under: Trout, Gila. This characteristic makes  it challenging for fly anglers to target them, however it is possible in the fall during spawning season as they migrate to shallower shores. Of the salmonids, trout and salmon are very closely related and most trout anglers enjoy catching salmon and vice versa. Location and Habitat. Gila trout were repatriated to the site in 1994 [1]. Cutthroats get their name by the distinctive reddish orange marking underneath their lower jaw. Brown trout have a brownish colored skin covered with ringed dark spots intermixed with ringed red spots. Splake; which are relatively rare is the combination of a male brook trout and female lake trout. We are aware of the numerous subspecies of each but felt that much information would not be necessary. Tiger trout grow quick and are useful in helping control populations of rough or invasive fish species. Reliable advice on routing to Whiskey and all lakes on the Navajo Nation is strongly advised. They are very closely related to Gila trout with minor differences. They are very closely related to Gila trout with minor differences. As my buddy Hyrum is so fond of saying, “I’ve never met a fish I didn’t like,” and I’ve never met an angler who doesn’t like brook trout. Please let us know in the comments if you have questions or feedback on the species of trout we have listed or if you have questions about identifying trout. Cutbows are common in area waters where rainbow trout and cuttroats overlap. Anchor Fly is powered by Google Cloud which is a 100% carbon neutral platform powered by renewable energy. Brook trout require cooler water temperatures than rainbows and browns—usually between 45 – 60 degrees, and often found in small and rocky streams. The optimal water temperatures for spawning is between 40 – 50 degrees. The Apache Trout is one of only two trout native to Arizona. Native to a tiny section of Ontario, Canada, these trout are thought to have occurred in maybe a dozen lakes upon their discovery in 1923. Micro Species Micro species are fish that don't get big enough to be a standard-sized fish species. Another southwestern native trout, the Apache trout along with the Gila are the only native species in Arizona. Western Great Basin Trout Assessment – California golden trout, Little Kern golden trout, Tiger trout can be found through much of the upper Midwest and west; with Utah, Michigan, and Wisconsin giving an angler the best chance at catching one of these unique fish. This is a big draw for many  hatchery programs as it allows for fun sport fishing, and because of their infertility, are easy to maintain. One last thing to note about this fish – if you go fishing for one, you get to catch one per day. Note: The Apache trout closely resembles the Gila trout (Oncorhynchus gilae synonym Oncorhynchus gilae gilae) and is often classified as a subspecies of the Gila trout (Oncorhynchus gilae apache). Arctic Cisco. Most of the trout on this list have either been protected or actively managed for conservation for years. In the US bull trout are found in clear high mountain lakes and rivers of the pacific northwest, and northern rocky mountains of Idaho and Montana. They are considered the rarest trout in the world with only a handful of cold mountain streams that hold these fish—even reaching them can be challenging. Rainbow trout like all trout, prefer cold clean water—ideally between 42 – 60 degrees, but can tolerate slightly warmer temperatures for a limited time. It’s the fly fishing equivalent of having walked on the moon. Access is from US 60 on RR 12 to Cibecue, then RR 34. The plight of the Gila trout hatchmag.com. Dolly Varden are mainly semi-anadromous, meaning they will spend part of their time in the sea but primarily live in freshwater rivers or lakes. They also have black spots throughout their sides, and below the lateral line, unlike Gila trout. They have also been planted in other western states, but if you’re hoping to hook into one of the beautiful fish your best bet is out east. Although catch and release fishing is legal for them, it may be better to target other species if fishing in Arizona. Apache trout have a similar golden/yellow color but are more pale in comparison to the Gila. Dollys have greenish grey backs and sides, with yellow and pink colored spots along their bodies. With that in mind, let’s look at some of the rare trout you can find in North America. Oncorhynchus gilae, Gila trout: An endangered species living only in the Gila River in Arizona/New Mexico. Because fly fishing, Published September 22, 2020 Introduction If you’re in search of the perfect new sling pack, you’ve come to the place. Lake trout are the largest of the char family and native to most of Canada, the Great Lakes Basin, and parts of northern New England. There are a few hybrid trout species that occur through unnatural spawning between species. These bad boys are more prominent in the angling community now thanks to TROUT Magazine and Hatch Magazine feature articles, but the average fisherman probably doesn’t know a lot about them. Apache trout can be caught by a variety of methods, including wet or dry flies, small lures, or natural baits, in either lakes or streams. Rainbows will start to spawn in the spring anywhere from February to June depending on their location. Rare Trout Species You Didn't Know Existed. There are several subspecies of rainbows with some minor coloration differences. The world record golden trout was caught in a Wyoming lake and measured at 28 inches and over 11 pounds. Like their name suggests these mid sized trout are varying shades of golden brown, yellow, and tan. Listed Under: Trout, Apache. A fish story that can’t ever be topped. Cutthroat trout inhabit most of the rivers in North America’s Pacific west and Rocky Mountains. Other Trout Species Below are some additional links to some more obscure trout species. They require very cold waters; below 55 degrees to thrive, as well as, deep pools for shelter. 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