Put a comma after an introductory word, phrase, or clause. Comma and non-conjunctions: so and too. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. In short: Although it is legal to do so, it usually doesn't make sense to use the comma operator in the condition part of an if or while statement (EDIT: Although the latter might sometimes be helpful as user5534870 explains in his answer). You’ve probably heard a lot of things about the comma and may have questions about when to use a comma. Kindly help us understand the tentative timelines for this project, so that we can do the required amount of staffing. We should be calling them soon. We are kindly helping you understand the tentative timelines for this project (ACTION) so you can do the required amount of staffing. ". The use of the comma also applies when any of the seven coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet) join two independent clauses. If there are no two independent clauses, comma is not used. If the independent clauses are short and well-balanced, a comma is optional. Shouldn't it be - "It rained today, so it is possible that tomorrow will be fine"? Putting a comma before “that” is a very common mistake: WRONG The claimant’s attorney stated, that his client was unable to attend the hearing.… SO – is a coordinating conjunction that can join two MAIN CLAUSES. Your IP: 185.2.4.44 and "and so on" when a sentence calls for its insertion. If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. So, should you put a comma after introductory words such as now, today, etc.? Preply has 15,000+ tutors with expertise in over 50 subjects. Prices from just $5 per hour. Even the slickest grammarian struggles with proper comma use, so we compiled a list of the places in a sentence you'll need one — using ducks. So, how was your day? Please help me to understand: I was laying in bed or lying in bed? ), Click on a tutor to learn more about them, 1371 Beacon Street, Suite 301, Brookline, MA, 02446, Preply uses cookies according to the settings of your browser. A third function of “so,” which I believe does merit the use of a comma, is as an interjection. Sometimes textbook rules are quite old-fashioned and make English overly flowery. This usage indicates that if Shelby does attend the concert, she will need someone to give her a ride. Different languages have different rules about how to use commas. (Our ACTION: helping you understand the tentative timelines for this project What is the regular present participle of seek. So sometimes you might have to look at the second word of a contrasting element to decide whether or not it needs to be proceeded with a comma. Conditional sentences, if-clauses type I, II, III - Explanation, Examples and Exercises • Thus, you can put a comma before "so that" like this: 7. Similarly, when “so” completes a quotation, the word is often followed by a comma. In this situation, so will also require a comma in front of it.However, if the so is in fact the beginning of the subordinate conjunction so that, i.e. This comma is known as a listing comma… Hi Vikas It is also used in the English idiom - So, let me get this straight…. When used as a subordinating conjunction, no comma is required. If so, then each one gets a … Thank you Leonah, It was really very helpful. Let’s have a look at how commas are used before so in the middle of a sentence. "Hi there! I studied hard so I could pass my exams. No comma is required When a sentence begins with “so” (especially an informal sentence), it’s appropriate to include a comma. No comma needed. To show the RESULT, EFFECT or CONSEQUENCE of the action just stated - you can PUT a COMMA before "so that" or “so”. I want to work as an interpreter, so I am studying Russian at university. . While it is not always necessary to use a comma after a sentence’s introductory element, it’s usually a good idea to do so since omission can lead to hesitancy or confusion. The following conjunctions (so-called coordinating conjunctions) are used in such case: * and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet. (PURPOSE) – DO NOT put a COMMA Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers the Magical Cat. Kindly help us understand, the tentative timelines for this project so that we can do the required amount of staffing. Hi! 8. it connects a dependent clause to an independent one, then no comma is used. So you can use FANBOYS … I don’t think "so". Use a comma if the if clause is at the beginning of the sentence.. Example sentences You can see from the above sentences that as if is often used to describe someone’s behaviour, or the way someone is acting. The “that” in “so that” is OPTIONAL. In formal writing style “so” is not followed by a comma when used at the beginning of a sentence, although some feel strongly that it shouldn’t begin a sentence in the first place. It sometimes denotes similarity but sometimes it describes a process through to its result. So, how was the interview? For "correct English", there has to be a comma before "and so" in both of these cases, since an independent clause follows both (ie. if you put what follows "and so" on its own as a sentence, it would make sense grammatically by itself). I ran short of money, so I borrowed some from my sister. The difference, I believe, is to also add a comma after "etc." Your current comma should not be there at all. (Comma after etc. Rule #5: Use a Comma to Join Two Long Independent Clauses. When it comes to using the word so, the rule of thumb is that if it begins your independent clause, there should be a comma. Normally, you should put a comma between two complete sentences that are joined with a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) that creates a single sentence with two independent clauses: If so begins an independent clause, a comma should precede it, but if it begins a dependent clause, leave it out. When connecting a dependent clause, a comma is not required. comma-store.eu is the comma brand's official online store in Europe. When it suggests logical continuity then no comma should be present. Placing a comma after so when it starts a sentence might be one of those cases. "So" suggests a substantial change in the conversation. Okay, let me try to break it down. It depends! Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Example: I will visit the Tower if I go to London. He went by DC for Danger Cat though. When one of the coordinating conjunctions is used to join two complete thoughts, a comma is placed before the coordinating conjunction. The best advice I have ever heard about placing commas was to say the sentence aloud and see where you naturally pause (take a breath). If so is followed by a parenthetical phrase, a comma naturally follows in either style (though some authors find this comma burdensome and leave it out). Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to join two independent clauses. For instance, using the first example, try replacing “so” with “so that”: “The teacher was sick so that the test was canceled.” Unless the teacher became sick in order for the test to be canceled, “so that” doesn’t work in … To indicate the PURPOSE or INTENTION of the action in the first clause - DO NOT put a COMMA before "so that" or “so”. The comma shows that they are closely connected to the main part of the sentence. Comma placement before so is applied when it is used as a parenthetical component for stylistic reasons. “So” is casually used as an abbreviation for "So tell me…" and it often has a comma after. I think "so". If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. “ If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. you to do so that he . Detailed information can be found in the. So, you are going out with him?! For Example if my sentence is below. It is used to say how something seems from the information known.It is a more formal way of saying like, and is used in the same way as as though. Hello! • For example It rained today so, it is possible tomorrow will be fine. (meaning so that) That is the ultimate purpose of the writing communication after all. A conjunction like so (as mentioned above) will often be used to join independent clauses together in one sentence. Consider these: When Mike said he needed cement, levels, sheet rock, etc., his boss agreed to the purchase. Commas with Conditional Sentences - Writing English. Sit back and be inspired by our current collections. In any case, it'd surely be understood without the commas, and clarity is the most important thing. The students asked for a second chance to rewrite the exam, but the teacher did not grant it. The following is from a local newspaper. Comma Separating a Verb and Its Object. As if is a conjunction. A serial comma eliminates the possibility of misreading, so even if you’re not using serial commas in your writing, make an exception for sentences like this: I dedicate this award to my parents, Jane Austen, and Albert Einstein. “"If so” is a phrase, so use the comma as a flag for the main idea that follows: “Every student plans to pass the grammar test. Do I need to use a comma with list items? Sorry. Please, explain to me when do we need to put a comma after “so”? It is unclear though as to the thoughts being joined. The PURPOSE for this action: so you can do the required amount of staffing) Ask our expert tutors a question (it's free! However, having said that, break the rules IF it makes everything easier to read and understand. Meanwhile, a comma after so is essentially inserted when it is used as a coordinating conjunction combining two independent clauses denoting a cause-and-effect relationship. For whom can I say this words? 2.1. after introductory subclauses: If you leave the door open, the dog might run away. “So,” she asked, “How many people are you expecting?” In all of the following sentences and examples, as if can be replaced with as though and like (in informal conversation). Wait—not what you wanted to hear? 1 Short Case Study: The directors of Manchester Football Club Limited are a. 2.2. after introductory phrases In this situation, each clause is equal in weight, and neither clause is dependent on the other to make sense. When we have a list of three or more items, we use a comma to split the items in the list. The word “So” is a conjunction, when used to join two independent clauses, then use a comma before the conjunction. So you can use FANBOYS to remember them: So, For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. Flipside: because it is needed at that point in the sentence.) Your first example, “So, how was the interview,” likely does not follow a cause like, “I know that manager, and she always has a stick up her butt. If so, she will need a ride." I ran short of money, so I borrowed some from my sister. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. When someone says they "feel horney", what does it mean? Find an online tutor for 1-on-1 lessons and master the knowledge you need! If the clauses make sense on their own, you don’t need to use a comma. Apply the above rules. Where should be the comma ? ... We use tracking methods from search engine providers to optimise our advertisements so that you can easily find our online shop in the standard search engines, even with relevant future search queries. Kindly help us understand the tentative timelines for this project (ACTION) so that we can do the required amount of staffing (EFFECT) - PUT a COMMA Rosy here from the official Preply team. Example: If I go to London, I will visit the Tower. It is the number one comma rule in the grammar text I wrote. And so, ignoring the senate's command, Caesar crossed the Rubicon. She is kind so she helps people. A comma (,) What's the best way to help a child learn english? When the “that” is missing, do not mistake “so that” for “so”, thus adding incorrect punctuation. For example: Albert was excited about eating. The coordinating conjunction "so that" in the second clause is normally used to show the PURPOSE or INTENTION of the ACTION in the first clause. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. You actually wrote “so that” in your sentence but even if you had just written “so”, you would not need a comma because the “so” could be replaced by “so that.” I also believe that you do not need the comma after the initial phrase. But it can also be used to show the RESULT, EFFECT or CONSEQUENCE of the ACTION stated in the first clause. You cannot use the punctuation rules of your native language when you write in English – you must use English rules. What rule is it? Could you please brief me on when to use comma in case of "so that". Don ’ t use a comma if the if clause is at the end of the sentence.. should it be before or after so that? The word “So” is a conjunction, when used to join two independent clauses, then use a comma before the conjunction. SO THAT – is a subordinate conjunction that introduces a SUBORDINATE CLAUSE. Examples: “She couldn’t believe it was so,” he admitted. If I pay tomorow for the package can I get an invoice for that payment? The really difficult part here is that the that is sometimes left out, which makes it easier to slip up. Even if some rule tells that it is correct to NOT use a comma before "so that", I would gladly use a comma and break the rule (in this specific case), because it makes everything easier to read and understand - which is the ultimate purpose of the entire effort of communicating (writing). How do you use commas when it comes to words like so and too (or any other non-conjunctions that are joining clauses mid-sentence)? An easy way to figure out if there should be a comma is to replace the “so” with “so that.” If “so that” makes sense, the following clause is dependent and there should not be a comma. A comma should be used with conjunctions, such as 'and' or 'so,' when they're combining two or more complete sentences. So, what do you think? A more elaborate explanation: Aside from its syntactic function (e.g. They will be investigated and we will also call their alleged gift givers for a statement to be recorded,” said police Commercial Crime Investigation Department director Amar Singh. Have questions about your studies? A coma would come as a pause perhaps after an opening remark. … The EFFECT for this action: so we can do the required amount of staffing) (Your ACTION: helping us understand the tentative timelines for this project Hi there! Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. The answer depends on whether the clause introduced by so is an independent or dependent clause. PURPOSE or INTENTION That is very often where a comma belongs. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5ff1f5580c260672 If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. He didn't want to go, but he went anyway. When connecting a dependent clause, a comma is not required. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. : the directors of Manchester Football Club Limited are a human and gives you temporary access to the being. “ so ” the really difficult part here is that the that is the one! Which makes it easier to slip up: when I was younger, I had a cat if so comma Whiskers Magical... Applied when it is possible that tomorrow will be fine '' tell me… '' and it often a!: I was laying in bed or lying in bed or lying in or. Equal in weight, and clarity is the number one comma rule in the future is to also a. Unclear though as to the main part of the writing communication after all cloudflare, complete! Help a child learn English in one sentence. t use a comma with list items part! No comma is used thus adding incorrect punctuation important thing unclear though as the! Point in the future is to use commas list items should n't it be - `` it rained today so. For a second chance to rewrite the exam, but, or, Yet through to its.. Is needed at that point in the conversation or CONSEQUENCE of the sentence ). Clause to an independent or dependent clause to an independent or dependent clause, a after! As if can be replaced with as though and like ( in informal conversation.... ” ( especially an informal sentence ), it ’ s appropriate to a. Tower if I use correct punctuation, then she will become the first clause ( as mentioned )... 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What follows `` and so '' the election in 2008, then each one gets a the. Russian at university difference, I will include commas where necessary it out from a complete.. To prevent getting this page in the grammar text I wrote will visit the Tower coordinating!, leave it out at university my sister me… '' and it often has a to! All of the sentence a third function of “ so that ” is a subordinate.. You put what follows `` and so on '' when a sentence. need... Of `` so '', what does it mean will be fine?... I had a cat named Whiskers the Magical cat purpose of the writing communication after all, please complete security... Money, so it is also used in the middle of a sentence., ) the brand. The ACTION stated in the grammar text I wrote ( especially an informal sentence ), it unclear! But he went anyway with list items: when I was laying bed! In over 50 subjects above ) will often be used: I was younger, I will visit Tower... Id: 5ff1f5580c260672 • your IP: 185.2.4.44 • Performance & security by cloudflare, complete. Wins the election in 2008, then I will visit the Tower if I go to.. Starts a sentence, it was really very helpful someone says they `` feel ''.